Humidifiers are devices that increase the moisture content of the air in a single room or an entire building. Humidifiers that are used to humidify a single room are called point-of-use humidifiers. Whole-house or furnace humidifiers connect to the heating, ventilating and air conditioning system of a home or business.
Instances of low humidity is common in hot and dry climates or in artificially heated indoor spaces. Especially in winter, when cold air is heated indoors, water vapor escapes during the heating process and the humidity of indoor air can be reduced to as low as 10-20%.
Low humidity can cause a range of adverse health effects including dry mucous linings in the nose and throat as well as respiratory distress. It can also weaken wood furniture and cause books, paper, and artwork to shrink and become brittle. Additionally, static electricity can become a problem when humidifiers are not present, which can be uncomfortable for humans and pets and disrupt small electrical components.
Conversely, humidifiers can be overused and raise the humidity to unsafe levels. Too much humidity from a humidifier can cause the growth of mold and dust mites. A well maintained humidifier should control the relative humidity in your home so that it sits between 30% and 50%.
Industrial humidifiers are precision instruments that are used to maintain a specific humidity level to prevent static electricity, preserve certain materials, or just to maintain a comfortable environment for employees.
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