Geothermal Heat Pumps
Geothermal heat pump systems regulate the temperature of your home or business by tapping into temperatures beneath the earth's surface. This may sound costly and complicated, but instead this efficient, cost-effective renewable energy source deep inside the earth delivers a limitless supply of heat or cooling, providing consistent comfort for your home or business.
Geothermal heat pump technologies harness heat and cooling from the earth. Even just a few feet below the surface, the earth maintains a near-constant temperature relative to the hot and cold extremes that occur with the seasons above.
Moreover, the earth's temperature increases at a rate of approximate 1 degree for every 70 feet below the surface and in some regions heat from deep within the earth is brought closer to the surface by geological activity.
Geothermal heat pump systems generally come in three different forms, and their applicability depends on the location of your home or business. Geothermal heat pumps can be used anywhere in the United States, while direct use and deep enhanced geothermal systems are more limited to regions with naturally high geothermal activity.
Ground source heat pumps are geothermal heating and cooling systems that take advantage of naturally occurring differences between above-ground air and subsurface soil temperatures to heat and cool your home. A ground source or geoexchange system generally consists of a heat pump connected to a series of buried pipes. These pipes can be installed either in horizontal trenches just below the surface or in vertical boreholes that go several hundred feet below the ground.